|Labour Market - Terminology|
The government uses four basic terms that are used to measure ‘employment’, not two. Consequently, looking at figures of those ‘employed’ and those ‘unemployed’ does not provide us with a complete picture. It is often assumed that if, for example, 10% are ‘unemployed’, that 90% are presumed to be in work – this is not the case. Also, when we here of 10% being unemployed, it does not mean 10% of the entire population, but 10% of the potential size of the workforce (of ‘economically active’ people).
The normal working age at the time of the Census 2001 was ages 16-64 for men and ages 16-59, which means that between the ages of 60 and 64, men and women can be classified differently for the same position. Census 2001 allowed the labour market position to be measured with ethnicity and religion across the UK for the first time. Although on the whole it confirmed the findings of earlier studies that members of many ethnic and/or religious groups are in a position of higher disadvantage, the Census provided clearer cross-cutting information.
The four terms used to measure employment and labour market participation are: