|Health - Overview|
Statistics on health have been based on national origin rather than religion therefore we do not have a clear picture of the health of Muslims. What has been done to monitor Muslims is that the national origin categories Bangladeshi and Pakistanis are largely made up of Muslims. Other categories are Black Caribbean, Black African, Indian, Chinese and Irish.
The most current statistics that look at health of Muslims is the Health Survey for England 2004 [pdf].In the Census 2001 Muslims were reported to have the highest rates of reported ill health in England. More female Muslims than male Muslims rated their health as ‘not good’. In 2001 it was reported that Pakistanis and Bangladeshis had the worst reported ill health compared to other ethnic minorities. In 2004 we can see a slight improvement for Muslim men over self-reported bad health, however compared to the general population they continue to have the highest rates.
In terms of ethnicity South Asian communities are 4 times more likely to develop diabetes: men fare worse in smoking, untreated diabetes, kidney disease, cholesterol levels and high blood pressure1. In 2007 it was reported that BME groups tend to have higher rates of cardio-vascular disease than White British people. Based on these reports and statistics the areas where Pakistani and Bangladeshis have a higher than average proportion compared to the general population are self-reported general health, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and stroke, cholesterol, high blood pressure levels and smoking.
The statistics that are presented in this section are the latest figures from the Health Survey for England 2004 [pdf].
Self–Reported General Health
These charts show that Bangladeshis and Pakistanis report their health as ‘bad’ or ‘very bad’.
Although a large number of respondents rate their health as ‘good’ or ‘very good’ the percentage of Bangladeshi and Pakistani respondents for ‘bad / very bad’ health is higher than the general population.